Commercial Surrogacy Legalization in Taiwan

In 2025, Taiwan made a historic move by legalizing commercial surrogacy, providing new opportunities for families seeking to grow their families. This landmark decision opened doors for couples and individuals to pursue surrogacy as a viable path to parenthood.


Taiwan, an island nation in East Asia, is poised to become the first country in Asia to legalize commercial surrogacy. This groundbreaking move aims to provide a regulated framework for families seeking alternative paths to parenthood.

Background on surrogacy in Taiwan

Surrogacy has been a contentious issue in Taiwan for decades. While the practice is currently banned, there have been ongoing debates about the potential legalization of commercial surrogacy. Taiwan’s cultural and legal landscape has made this a complex and sensitive topic, with concerns over the rights and wellbeing of surrogates, as well as ethical considerations around assisted reproductive technologies.

Despite the legal restrictions, some Taiwanese individuals and couples have sought surrogacy services abroad, leading to calls for a more regulated domestic framework. The government has been cautious in its approach, weighing the potential benefits and risks of legalization.

Reasons for Legalization

  1. Provide legal certainty and protection for all parties involved in surrogacy arrangements.
  2. Improve access to surrogacy services for individuals and couples who cannot have children naturally.
  3. Regulate the surrogacy industry to ensure ethical practices and prevent exploitation of surrogate mothers.

Proposed Legal Framework

  • Key components of the proposed legal framework for commercial surrogacy in Taiwan

    The proposed legislation would establish a comprehensive legal framework to govern commercial surrogacy arrangements. This includes requirements for surrogacy contracts, legal parentage, and oversight by a regulatory agency to protect the rights of all parties involved.

  • Provisions for surrogacy contracts and intended parent rights

    The contracts would outline the rights and responsibilities of the intended parents and surrogate, including details on compensation, medical care, and termination clauses. Intended parents would be recognized as the legal parents at birth, with clear pathways for adoption and birth certificate issuance.

  • Regulatory agency to enforce standards and safeguards

    A dedicated government agency would be established to license and monitor surrogacy providers, set standards for screening and counseling, and investigate any disputes or abuses. This would ensure transparency and accountability throughout the surrogacy process.

Eligibility requirements for surrogates

In Taiwan, surrogates will be required to be between the ages of 21 and 35, have previously given birth without complications, and undergo comprehensive medical and psychological evaluations. They must also have the consent of their spouse or partner.

Surrogates must also demonstrate financial stability and the ability to effectively manage the pregnancy and postpartum period. Strict screening will ensure only the most qualified and stable individuals are approved to carry a child for intended parents.

Compensation and benefits for surrogates

Fair Compensation

Surrogates in Taiwan will receive fair and reasonable compensation for their service, reflecting the significant physical and emotional demands of the surrogacy process.

Medical Expenses

All medical expenses related to the surrogacy, including prenatal care, delivery, and postpartum recovery, will be fully covered by the intended parents.

Mental Health Support

Surrogates will have access to comprehensive mental health services, including counseling and support groups, to help them navigate the emotional journey of surrogacy.

Legal Protections

Surrogates will be provided with legal counsel to ensure their rights and interests are protected throughout the process.

Screening and evaluation process

1. Comprehensive medical evaluation

Surrogates undergo a thorough physical and mental health assessment to ensure they are fit for the surrogacy process.

2. Background and lifestyle checks

Surrogates’ personal and family history, as well as their current living situation and support system, are carefully reviewed.

3. Psychological screening

Surrogates must demonstrate emotional maturity, stability, and the ability to handle the challenges of surrogacy.

4. Legal consultation and counseling

Surrogates receive legal advice and are guided through the contractual obligations and implications of the surrogacy arrangement.

Legal rights and protections for surrogates

  • Comprehensive legal framework to safeguard surrogate mothers

    The proposed legislation will establish clear legal rights and protections for surrogate mothers. This includes the right to medical care, counseling, and support throughout the surrogacy process. Surrogates will also have the ability to terminate the agreement at any time without penalty.

  • Strict screening and evaluation process for surrogates

    Before being approved, surrogate candidates will undergo extensive medical, psychological, and financial evaluations. This ensures they are fully informed, physically and mentally capable, and financially stable to undertake the surrogacy journey. Their rights and well-being will be the top priority.

  • Compensation and benefits guaranteed for surrogate mothers

    Surrogate mothers will receive fair and adequate compensation, including coverage for all medical expenses, lost wages, and other related costs. They will also have access to comprehensive support services and ongoing care to protect their physical and emotional health.

Legal Rights and Protections for Intended Parents

  • Establishing parental rights and responsibilities

    The legal framework will ensure intended parents have clear parental rights, including the right to make decisions about the child’s upbringing. Contracts will outline responsibilities and obligations to the surrogate and child.

  • Safeguards against exploitation

    Regulations will prohibit coercion or financial inducement of surrogates, protecting the autonomy and interests of intended parents. Screening and counseling will ensure all parties enter surrogacy arrangements voluntarily.

  • Legal recognition of parentage

    The law will provide a clear process for intended parents to establish legal parentage, including through adoption or court orders. This will ensure their rights and responsibilities are recognized from birth.

Regulation and Oversight of Surrogacy Agencies

1. Licensing and Certification

Surrogacy agencies would be required to obtain licenses and adhere to strict certification standards to ensure they meet ethical and legal requirements.

2. Transparency and Reporting

Agencies must maintain detailed records and provide regular reports to regulatory bodies on their operations, finances, and outcomes.

3. Monitoring and Inspections

Unannounced inspections and ongoing monitoring by government agencies would ensure surrogacy agencies comply with all regulations.

Ethical Considerations



Respecting the right of surrogates to make informed choices



Ensuring equitable access and preventing exploitation



Prioritizing the well-being of all parties involved

The legalization of commercial surrogacy in Taiwan raises important ethical questions that must be carefully considered. Key principles include respecting the autonomy of surrogates, ensuring fairness and preventing exploitation, and prioritizing the overall welfare of all parties involved, including the children born through surrogacy. Thoughtful regulations and oversight will be crucial to upholding these ethical standards.

Potential Impact on Families

Expanded Family Options

Legalization of commercial surrogacy in Taiwan would provide more paths for families, including same-sex couples and those unable to conceive, to have children and grow their families.

Support for Surrogates

With proper legal protections and compensation, surrogacy could empower women in Taiwan to make meaningful choices to help other families while improving their own financial situations.

Regulatory Oversight

A well-crafted legal framework would ensure surrogacy agencies operate transparently and ethically, safeguarding the interests of all involved – surrogates, intended parents, and children.

Potential Impact on Society

The legalization of commercial surrogacy in Taiwan could have far-reaching societal implications. It may increase families’ access to childbearing options, but also raises concerns about the commodification of reproduction and potential exploitation of vulnerable individuals.

There are questions around the equitable distribution of these services, as well as the impact on traditional family structures and gender roles. Careful regulation and oversight will be crucial to ensuring the ethical practice of surrogacy.

International Comparisons

To understand the potential impact of legalizing commercial surrogacy in Taiwan, it’s helpful to examine the experiences of other countries. Many nations like the United States, India, and some parts of Europe have already legalized various forms of surrogacy, providing useful case studies.

CountrySurrogacy LawsSurrogate Compensation
United StatesCommercial surrogacy legal in some states, but banned in othersSurrogates typically receive $20,000-$50,000 plus medical and legal expenses
IndiaCommercial surrogacy legal, with regulation of clinics and contractsSurrogates receive
$10,000-$30,000, a significant amount for many Indian women
United KingdomAltruistic surrogacy legal, commercial surrogacy bannedSurrogates only receive reimbursement for expenses, no compensation

Concerns and Challenges


Ethical Considerations

Ensuring surrogacy is ethical and protects the rights and wellbeing of all parties involved, including the surrogate, intended parents, and any resulting children.


Regulatory Framework

Developing a robust legal and regulatory framework to govern surrogacy arrangements, including oversight, licensing, and enforcement mechanisms.


Access and Equity

Ensuring access to surrogacy is equitable and not limited only to the wealthy, and addressing potential exploitation of marginalized groups.

Public debate and stakeholder perspectives

Public Debate

The proposal to legalize commercial surrogacy in Taiwan has sparked a vigorous public debate. Supporters argue it will provide family-building options, while critics raise concerns over exploitation and commodification of women.

Stakeholder Perspectives

Key stakeholders such as medical professionals, legal experts, women’s rights advocates, and infertility support groups have voiced diverse perspectives. Their input is crucial in shaping the legal framework and safeguards.

Government Oversight

The Taiwan government has been cautious, carefully studying experiences from other countries to develop appropriate regulations and oversight mechanisms. Balancing individual rights with societal impacts is a key priority.

Next steps and timeline

The proposed legalization of commercial surrogacy in Taiwan is a complex and multifaceted process that will require careful planning and collaboration between various stakeholders. The next steps involve finalizing the legal framework, establishing regulatory bodies, and ensuring robust protections for all parties involved.
A proposed timeline includes public consultations and debates over the next 6-12 months, followed by the drafting of legislation and regulations over the subsequent 12-18 months. Once passed, a phased implementation approach is envisioned, with initial pilots and monitoring before full-scale legalization within 3 years.


In conclusion, the legalization of commercial surrogacy in Taiwan in 2025 represents a significant milestone. This new legal framework will provide opportunities for families, safeguard the rights of surrogates, and contribute to societal progress.

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